For the curious people living in the different part of the world, today we are letting you to explore the very beautiful country Nepal. In the context of cultural diversity, Nepal is one of the richest and blessed countries in the world. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. The country has a very ancient and unique culture with multi-dimensions. As per the diversities in Nepal’s ethnic, tribal and social groups the country’s cultures are also widely rich, enough to call Nepal as a multi-cultural country. The influence of its neighboring country’s culture can also be seen in Nepalese culture.
The most alluring culture in Nepal is their hospitality towards guest/tourist. Nepalese are the most hospitable hosts that are the key reason why tourists from so far use to visit Nepal time and again. Nepalese people (esp-.rural) use to welcome the tourists with cordial gratitude for tea, coffee & supper. They are amazingly warm, hospitable and affectionate. Tourist can feel in-home being with Nepalese people. The next beautiful culture that you feel remarkable of the country is their variety of ethnic groups with variety of traditions, festivals, languages and dresses. Brahmin, Chhetri, Rai, Limbu, Magar, Tharu, Yadav, Ahir, Newar and much more ethnic groups can be seen. And each of the culture differs from one another making country a cultural garden. As diversity is the prominent feature of Nepal, you can see it’s presence in each and every philosophical context you can see this multi furiousness. Pursuant to Nepal census 2001, 80.6% of the populations are hindus, following Hinduism.11 % among them are Buddhist. But, here you can see a cultural harmonical amalgam between these two religions. Most of the Hindus and Buddhist carry out the both cultures at the same time. About 3.5% of population follows indigenous Kirat religion, 3.2% practice Islam. These multifarious cultures of Nepal are expressed through the different course like, language, dance & music, architecture, religion and philosophy, festivals and celebrations food & drinks, etcetera.
Now let’s give and eagle eye-view upon these courses you how Nepal express it’s cultural charisma:-
As per 2018 census 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. The linguistic evolution of Nepal has a very old history and are categorized in 3 major language groups:
The major language of Nepal that are spoken as mother tongue are Nepali (44%), Maithili (11%), Bhokpuri (6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%), Bajjika (3%), Kirat, Sunuwar, Limbu, Rai, Gurung and so on. Nepali, written in Devanagari script is the official national language of Nepal. The extinct language of Nepal are Kusunda, Mawalinga and waling on the other hand.
As we know that culture of the country are also manifested on the dresses with unique traditional codes. As in Nepal Daura-Suruwal typically ternmed as labeda-Suruwal is the traditional Nepali dress. It has the several religious beliefs for its design to be connected with divinity. The 8 strings in the the daura serving to tie itself in up around the body is believed to keep the man lucky because 8 in considered as the lucky number in Nepalese mythology. Also the 5 pleats or Kallis signifies pancha Buddha or Pancha Ratna. And the close neck of Daura Signifies the snake around the lord shiv’s neck that represents the awareness philosophy bassed on Hinduism. As well the Nepali typical dress for women is Gunyo Choli, a cotton Sari with Chaubandhi choli. And, there are lots of other ethnic dress with some mythological & Philosophical codes and belief that are some beautiful explore.
Dance & Music: –
In Nepal it is considered that Dance has been originated in the adobe of Hindu Lord Shiv’s Tandav. Tandav is the divine dance performed by Lord Shiv, the god of Himalayas and ultimate source of all creation. This indicates that dance tradition in Nepal is ancient and unique and so does the music follows. And with the community and ethnicity the styles and costumes varies. Both dance and music varies with the themes of topic like crops harvesting for her love, motherhood affection and much more. Diskka, the wedding dance, Tharu Stick dance, and crazy peacock dance are some of the famous dances. Maruni Dance, Dhaan (Rice) Dance, Deusi and Vailo Dance, Naumati, Panchebaja, Arbajo, Damaru, Dhime, Dholak, Sarangi, Ek Tare, Jhyali, Jhyamta, Madal, Narsingha, Sanai, Sankha, Tabela and Tungna are some of the main ethnical musical instruments of Nepal.
Festivals & Celebrations:-
Festivals and celebrations are the next way of cultural manifestation. The Nepalese festivals usually last from a one day to several days. The most celebrated festivals in Nepal are from Hinduism and Buddhism. The Dashain is the most famous and longest celebrated festival in Nepal. It generarlly falls in the late September to the mid-October after the monsoon stops. The religious belief and importance behind the festivals in that it’s the joy celebrated for the victory over the demons. Tihar then follows the path and her comes as the 2nd most prominent festivals of Nepal. It is too based the Hindu mythology and is also known as the festivals of the lights. Other Important festivals widely celebrated in Nepal are Holi, Sarasworti Pooka, Teej, Rakshabandan, Lohsar, Maghi, Kali Pooja, Gai Jatra, Chhath, Maha Shivratri and Krishna Astami and so on. As well the New Year’s Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs in the month of November is also celebrated by whole Nepal. And throughout the years several jatras take place and public holidays declared for their celebrations.