“Everest Base Camp Trekking is considered the world’s best trekking trail”
Everest Region is the Northeastern part of Nepal where the world’s highest Mountain peak, Everest (8,848m) stands. Its elevation ranges from 3,300 meters (11,000 feet) to the 8,848 m (29,029 ft.) The Khumbu also knows Everest region, which is a glacier. It includes whole Solukhumbu district, Sagarmatha National Park, Buffer Zone between Lukla and Monju, the town of Namche Bazaar as well as the villages of Thame, Khumjung, Pangboche, Pheriche and Kunde. The famous Buddhist monastery at Tengboche also lies under Everest region.
Sagarmatha National Park
The Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in 1976 in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal. It covers the area of 1,148 square km in the Solukhumbu District and ranges an elevation from 2,845m to 8,848m. Sagarmatha is a Nepali word derived from “sagar” which means sky and “matha” which means head. Even the UNESCO enlists it in World heritage site in 1976 AD.
After successful summit at Mt. Everest by Sir Edmun Hilary and Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, tourism in the area became popular and lots of tourist comes here to visit and explore every year.
The flora such as birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron are found in the lower forested zone. As the altitude increases, plant life is limited because of permanent snowline in the Himalayan area.
The forests provide home to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, blood pheasant, red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. Sagarmatha National Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.
Increasing altitude, the temperature and label of oxygen decreases, where the species living at high altitudes have thick coats to retain body heat. Some of them have shortened limbs to prevent loss of body heat. Himalayan black bears go into hibernation in caves during the winter when there is no food available.
Villages in Everest Region (Everest Base Camp Trekking)
Lukla, a small town in the Khumbu Pasanglhamu rural municipality is located at an elevation of 2,860 meters. It is a popular place for visitors to the Himalayas near Mount Everest to arrive. The villagers got many goats and sheep. The Tenzing-Hillary Airport is only the way to get of Everest Base Camp Trekking.
2. Namche Bazar
Namche Bazar, gateway to Mt. Everest is a town in in Solukhumbu District located at an elevation of 3,440 meters (11,286 ft.). Most of the local residence belongs to the Sherpa family who are in the tourism business. Namche is the main trading center and hub for the Khumbu region with many Nepalese officials, a police check, post and bank. The town has got the facility lodgings and stores catering to the needs of visitors as well as a number of Internet cafes. The climatic condition in Namche is cool, wet during summers and dry during winter. Just at the top of Namche Bazzar, there is a viewpoint called Syangboche is popular for Everest View.
Tengboche is a religious village in Solukhumbu district located at an elevation of 3,867 meters (12,687 ft.). The feature of this village is ancient Buddhist monastery known by name; Tengboche Monastery. It is the largest gompa in the Everest region, which was built in 1923. Subsequently it was destroyed by an erthqake in 1934 but was again rebuilt. From Tengboche village the panoramic view of the Himalayan Mountains including the peaks of Tawache, Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and Thamserku can be seen.
Except these all-popular villages Everest region has got other different villages which has nature gifted beauties and sceneries. They are: Kunde, Khumjung, Lobuche, Phortse, Thame, Thamo, Pangboche, Phakding and Monjo.
Dingboche is a Sherpa village in the Everest, Khumbu region, which is popular camp or resting place amongst the trekkers and climbers headed to MT. Everest, Amadablam and Island Peak. It is located at an elevation of 4,410 meters (14,470 ft.). The population of the area was estimated to be around 200 -250. The villagers are highly depending upon the tourism sector for their daily income. The place has got a helicopter-landing pad just west of the Imja River. It makes the climbers and tourist easy for the expedition. Here, Internet, International calls, and Wi-Fi facility is easily found in every hotel and lodges.
5. Gokyo Valley
The place, you must travel in Everest Region is Gokyo Valley. This valley is one of the unique places amongst the whole Khumbu Region. The pristine lakes and towering viewpoints makes the trip much more meaningful. There are several glacier lake including Gokyo Lake are considered as a spiritual belief in Buddhism. So, do not try to leave any rubbish there during your visit. People’s to this village are similar with other vilaages of Khumbu region. Their cultures and old Buddhist Monastery makes your trip remarkable. Trekking to Everest Base Camp via Gokyo Valley is one of the highly beaten routes.
During the winter season the whole area of Gokyo valley will frozen and local people shift to Namche Bazar and Lukla.
6. Lobuche and Gorakhshep
Lobuche is situated at height of 4910m and Gorakshep is situated at height of 5100m. The both vilaages are nearest human settlement area from EBC. The villages are not permanent human settlement but its definitely the provide tea house and hotel restaurant services for trekkers. During the month of winter, it will completely closed for several weeks and months.
How to Get Everest Region?
Everest base camp trekking is one of the world’s famous travel package, so you can do it easily. During the month of Spring and Autumn, the region is quite busy for trekking and climbing activities. Despite being as a home of highest mountain peaks, the Khumbu Region offers many adventure activities including, climbing, Trekking and Skiing. Since last one decade, the region is also popular for world’s highest sky diving activities as well. This is what make the region is quite beaten and easy to get.
You just need to have government permit related to your activities and local permits. Also do not miss to choose a best guide. It takes 30 minutes flight from KTM to Lukla, gateway of Khumbu.
Spring and autumn are highly beaten season for Everest Base Camp Trekking. Also you can travel during the month of winter, before the snowfall. And while travelling to this region, do not compromise with clothing and personal gears.