In 1953, when the human beings first reached to the summit of world’s crown Everest, climbing the world’s highest Mountain has changed dramatically. Today reaching to the summit of Everest has become the dream of every adventure lover from all over the world. Sagarmatha is the Nepali Name and chomolnga is Tibetan Name. However the word Everest is popular worldwide which was given in the name of late Jorge Everest. The peak is situated in between Tibet (China) and Nepal, making a border between two countries.
Geographic scientist estimated that Everest is 50-60 million years old. But it is a youngster by geological standards. The upward force generated when the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates collided and pushing up the rocks that formed the mountain. That force is still working and about a quarter of and inch higher each year.
At the height of 8848m (29,035 feet), Everest’s summit has approximately 1/3 the air pressure that exists at sea level. Low level of oxygen significantly reduces a climber’s ability to breath. As climbers move to higher altitude in the mountain and their oxygen intake reduce, their bodies are increasingly at risk. This is how climbers cannot walk properly in the mountain. As their body has unable to breath well, all the body parts start work weakly. The chances of force bite and other problem related to extreme cold including edema, cerebral edema and blood embolisms are dramatically increases.
For the best Everest expedition with low risk chances, Everest climbers should have proper climbing gears. It is most important parts of the expedition. Climbers should not compromise while baying such gears and equipment. It plays the vital role to make expedition success or unsuccessful.
Without having supplementary oxygen cylinders, it seems impossible to climb Everest. The use of tanks of oxygen cylinders reduces the effects of the extreme altitude sickness. However bottle oxygen has its own risks. It may expensive for those, who are funding own for the expedition. And also it is hard to carry up in the mountains. If climbers are using Sherpa guide, it will be easier. For the best expedition to Everest, each climber should have at least 5-6 bottle of oxygen cylinder. Most of the climbers use the oxygen cylinder above camp3.
generally, before going for summit target, all the climbers should go up to camp2 at least 2-3 times and at least 1-2 time up to camp 3 for the better acclimatization. During this phase, the hardest part is Khumbu Ice fall, which is situated in between Base Camp and Camp1. Once the climbers complete this acclimatization phase than, they will be candidate for the summit target. The acclimatization phase runs till the mid of May and final summit target starts from 18-20 May. Most of the climbers reach to the summit in between18 May to 27 May.
Especially, for those climbers, who are wishing to climb Everest, he/she must have some training expedition in Nepal. It seems impossible to conquer Everest without having any experiences of climbing in Himalaya. The research says, most of the Everest climbers have attempted to climb at least 2-3 climbing expeditions. For the first phase of climbing training it is better to climb Island Peak, Mera Peak, Himlung or Lobuche etc. And in the second phase, climbers can choose any of 8000m+ Mountain like Mount Manaslu, Dhaulagiri or Makalau. And the final destination is definitely Everest, which would be easier after having such training expeditions. Also it is better to have some rock climbing and indoor wall climbing trainings to be more familiar about climbing devices.
Although 17 routes have been pioneered to the summit. Almost everyone climbs it via one of the tow routes. One from Tibet, The Nepal side of Everest is considered as South Face summit and Tibet side is considered as North Face Summit. However the Nepal side is comparably short and easy. Tibet side of Everest Base camp is connected with road transportation. For the first Time, Everest Expedition was ascent by Tenzing Sherpa and Edmund Hillary using the south face, also known as Nepal side. In the year 1960, Chinese expedition team ascent Everest via Tibet, North Side.