POPULAR TREKKING TRAILS OF HIMALAYA

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1. Great Himalayan Trail

The main purpose to establish GreatHimalayan Trail is to conquer east to west Himalayan range. Actually the purposed trail is 4500 kilometers long from Sikkim-Nepal-Tibet-India-Pakistan. The longest trail around 1700 kilometers situated in Nepal. The longest journey in Nepal is start from Kanchenjunga to Api Himal west. The trail offers magnificent view of world’s crown mt.Everest and eight of ten world highest mountain, unlimited view of landscape, green forest with rich in flora & fauna, multifold cultural diversity. 

Among them Nepal contains the longest trekking route i.e. 1200 km of Great Himalayan Trail. This trail covers Kanchanjanga to Api Mountains. The upper route passes from East to West through established trekking areas of Kanchenjunga to Makalu Barun, Solukhumbu, Rolwaling Himal, Helambu, Langtang, Ganesh Himal, Manaslu, Annapurna, Dolpa, Rara Lake and Humla finishing on the Tibetan border at Hilsa. The purpose of developing the trail was to promote socioeconomic benefits to mountain communities.  The route offers diversity in terms of landscapes, flora and fauna, people and culture. The rare animals found in this trial are snow leopards and red pandas. Similarly medicinal plants, sub-tropical jungles are also found. The famous Sherpas, Shamanism and the ancient Buddhist culture are also found there. The Great Himalayan Trail was established in 2002 A.D.

While touring the Great Himalayan Trail you will be able to see all those animals by closer. It has got worlds highest pass, sometimes the travellers has to pass the gadgets and equipment in high altitude. With having lot’s of difficulties you will enjoy the trek because you can able to see lots of historical monasteries, statue. You can see the culture of Himalayan people. 

2. Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest base camp Trek also know as EBC trek is one of the most popular trekking destination in the world. Every year many hundreds of thousand tourists visit this region. The entire trail EBC situated in Sagarmatha National Park, which is rich in flora and fauna. To complete this trek it usually takes 14 days. Lukla (2800m high from the sea level) is the first gateway, which is 30 minutes flight from Kathmandu Airport. 

Namche Bazar, Tengboche and Dingboche are some of the remarkable point on the trail, which are rich by cultural and religious aspects. The typical Sherpa food and their life style would be interesting to every foreigner. Culturally and spiritually the region is attractive to every trekkers. Peoples believe in own art of living guided by Buddhist philosophy. 

The Sagarmatha national park is listed in (UNESCO) world heritage sites. It encompasses an area of 1,148 sq. Km in the Solukhumbu District and ranges in elevation from 2,845 to 8,848 m (9,334 to 29,029 ft.) at the summit of Mount Everest. The park is home to 118 species of birds including blood pheasant, , Himalayan monal, red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough etc. Also the park is home to a number of rare mammal species including musk deer, Himalayan thars, langur monkeys,snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda and Himalayan wolves etc.

The trekking trails is easy to walk, it is accessible for all age group and differently able people too. You can extend your trekking itinerary as your own wish. Proper trekking gears and warm clothes is needed for everyone. 

3. Gokyo Valley to Everest Base Camp Trek

There is two different ways to get Everest Base Camp. Gokyo Valley to EBC is another popular and most visited trails. It is slightly 3/4 days long than the normal EBC trek, but it offers the real variety of natural beauties. 

Beautiful gokyo Valley, Gokyo Ri (5357m/17574ft) and Gokyo Lake are remarkable point to this trail. There are 60 percent trails similar to normal Everest Base Camp Trek. The Valley is located on west side of the Ngozumpa Glacier, the largest glacier in Nepal. Also the valley is renown as one of the highest human settlement in the world. Mt.Everest, Mt.Lhotse, Mt.Cho Yue, Makalu and most of the high altitudes mountains can be seen clearly form the summit of Gokyo Ri. 

The trekking trails is easy to walk, it is accessible for all age group and differently able people too. You can extend your trekking itinerary as your own wish. Proper trekking gears and warm clothes are needed for everyone. 

4. Annapurna Circuit Trek

Annapurna Circuit (ABC) is listed in the world’s top 10 trekking destination since the trail has open. And the trail is voted as the best long distance trek in the world. It is most visited trails in Nepal. Also the trails is best for every month expect the monsoon season and mid of winter. The trail situated in Annapurna mountain range. The total length of the route varies between 160 Km to 230 km. ABC trail crosses two different beautiful river valleys and encircles the Annapurna massif. 

The trek begins at Besisahar(a small city/bazar) 4-5 hr drive from Kathmandu. The trail passes through subtropical forests several waterfalls and gigantic cliffs and fine-looking villages. As it combined in its old full form, a wide variety of climate zones from tropics at 600 m asl to the arctic at 5416 m at the Thorong La pass and cultural variety from Hindu villages at the low foothills to the Tibetan culture of Manang Valley and lower Mustang. The trek usually takes about 12 to 15 days to conquer the whole experience. The mountain panorama seen close from this trek includes Dhaulagiri, Machhapuchhre, Manaslu, Gangapurna, Tilicho peak, Pisang Peak, Paungda Danda and some of the other high altitude mountains. 

Gurung, Magar, Bahuna and Chettri are main ethnic group; they have unique style of living. People to this region celebrate so many beautiful festivals with great devotion. The festivals and cultures itself an attractive to any visitors.

The best season for the trekking to this trail is spring and autumn. You need to have proper trekking gears for the safety and successful trek. Also we suggest you to bring a professional trekking guide to make your trip much more valuable and informative. 

5. Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Annapurna base camp trek; popularly known as ABC trek. It is an amazing trail, which walks through diverse landscape, culture and rich mountain views. Also the trail is rich in different ethnic group with full of cultural attractions, terraced fields, green forest and a wide variety of flora and fauna.  

Mt. Annapurna I (i.e. 8091m high) of Nepal is the 10th highest mountain in the world is main part of the trial. The massif Annapurna is 55 Km long and is bounded by the Kali Gandaki George(deapest gorge in the world) on the west, Marsyangdi river on north and east and Pokhara valley on south. This trek also covers Annapurna Conservation Area, which is the first and largest national conservation park of Nepal. The park covers Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi and Lamjung districts. 

In order to complete this trek it takes around 12-14 days starting from Kathmandu. It offers you to explore the whole mountain ranges that are magnificent, colossal, and snow-capped. 

ABC Trek starts from Tikhedunga, first day drive from Kathmandu and second day from Pokhara. Ghorepani and Poonhill are remarkable point to this trail, which offers brilliant, amazing, and divine view Dhaulagiri and Annapurna Ranges. 

6. Mustang Trek

To explore the hidden world of ancient Buddhist civilization, Upper Mustang is a best way. Both naturally and spiritually it has popular. The region is close to Tibetan Civilization and it’s history. Most of the trekking trails follows ancient salt caravan route through which the people of Mustang. Uppper Mustang is the capital of Mustang region, which is most notable part of the trek. There is some of the beautiful monasteries like Thugchen Gompa, which built in the 15th century.

Jomsome is the get way of Upper Musstang, which is 25 minutes flight from Pokhara or 5/6 hr drive. The trek starts with stony way of Kaligandagi river beach. The trek is adventurous and unique experiences through the deepest gorge in the world.The Kali Gandaki that runs between the Dhaulagiri.

The Trek offers an immense opportunity to see and embrace the untouched lifestyle of the local people. Also the enthusing social practice and authentic religious values, cultural aspects of their lives and wonderful landscapes on natural Himalayan biking trail. This could be unique Mountain Biking in entire world. Words are not enough to describe the existing beauties of Mustang. You need to get there and enjoy with magnificent experiences.

Monsoon months June to August are best for the trekking to this trail. However, it is best to add 1/2 day of your itinerary for travel interruptions due to bad weather. While November to December is another best time to trek in Upper Mustang keep. This may cause an inconvenience in restaurants and accommodation availability.

The Upper Mustang is a ‘bucket list’ ride for mountain bikers from all over the world.

7. Upper Mustang Trek & Mountain Bike

The Upper Mustang trek brings you into the hidden world of the ancient Buddhist kingdom of Mustang also called Lo. Lo that used to be a part of the Tibetan empire and is therefore closely tied to Tibet in culture, language and geography. The trail follows the ancient salt caravan route through which the people of Mustang traded Tibetan salt for grain from the lowlands. The goal of the Upper Mustang trek is the capital of Upper Mustang. From the pass Lo La (3950 m) you can see the walled medieval capital in the distance, the white-washed 6 meter tall wall sticking out in sharp contrast to the barren landscape. Entering Lo Manthang through the town gate is like stepping into a different world. A world of narrow alley ways, long walls of beautiful prayer wheels and herds of farming animals sauntering in from the fields in the afternoon to adjourn to their sheds inside the city. Points of interest in Lo Manthang are the royal palace a few beautiful monasteries like the Thugchen Gompa built in the 15th century, amchi museum and Amchi School. An amchi is a traditional Tibetan doctor. There are 2 amchis living in Lo Mangtang, which are also the official doctors of the king. They founded a school to preserve this ancient wisdom. For an excursion outside the city you can hire Tibetan ponies for a ride to Chhoser where you can visit a small monastery and a century old cave dwelling situated high in the rocks.

The most convenient way to get to Upper Mustang is to fly from Pokhara to Jomsom and start the trek from there. The flight is an adventure in itself flying through the deepest gorge in the world, the Kali Gandaki which runs between the Dhaulagiri. You follow the famous Kali Gandaki River upstream, partly walking in the river bed itself to Kagbeni. From Kagbeni the restricted area of Upper Mustang starts. However, it is worthwhile to pay a visit to the famous pilgrim destination of Muktinath before heading north into Upper Mustang. From Kagbeni the trek goes norhtwards and leads to Lo Manthang in 4 to 5 days. Close to Dhakmar you can find the oldest Tibetan monastery in the world, the Lo Gekar Monastery. Lo Gekar Monastery was built in the 8th century by the famous Tibetan magician Guru Rinpoche. It is said that he killed a powerful demon and the blood of the demon has painted the rocks around Dhakmar bright red. Upper Mustang is a restricted area and up till 1992 it was forbidden for foreign visitors to enter the kingdom. Nowadays foreigners are welcome to Upper Mustang if they have the permit from the government. These days accommodation in guest houses is possible along the whole trek. While staying there you are welcome to sit with the owners in the kitchen. Trekking in Mustang is a great option during the monsoon months June to August as the region is in the rain shadow. However, it is best to add a day or two on each side of your itinerary for travel interruptions due to bad weather in the lowlands. While November is still a nice time to trek in Mustang keep in mind that seasonal migration takes place at this time and many residents from Lo Manthang and surrounding areas will move down to lower altitudes for the winter months. This may cause an inconvenience in restaurants and accommodation availability.

 The Forbidden Kingdom of Upper Mustang offers an immense opportunity to see and embrace the untouched lifestyle of the local people, inspiring social practice and authentic religious and cultural aspects of their lives and wonderful landscapes on natural Himalayan biking trails. This could be the real Biking heaven on Earth. Words are not enough to describe the existing heaven. We need to get there and enjoy the glory. The Upper Mustang is a ‘bucket list’ ride for mountain bikers from all over the world.

8. Langtang  Trek

The trek is situated in the Langtang Valley, nearby Kathmandu city. It is the perfect destination for someone who wishes to trek to the Himalayas but is looking for a relatively easy route with shorter walks and lower altitude. The rich ecosystem of the valley is well preserved. The region is a rural landscape comprising of villages, terraced farms and forests encircled with green hills with a backdrop of the white Himalayan ranges. The route is a scenic one through dense bamboo and rose tree forests that will take you passed waterfalls and snow-capped mountain peaks. The trek is known for having one of the best views of the Annapurna Range. The bonus that comes along with the wild scenery is the chance to get to know the unique culture of the local people. Because the region is close to the Tibetan border, their culture resembles to theirs’. As you hike through the valley, you will get a chance to learn from their practices and traditions. You will also come across several Buddhist temples and monasteries. This region is inhabited by Tibetans and Tamangs. The holy lake Gosaikunda and many other Himalayan peaks like: Langtang-ri, Langtnag Lirung, Dorge Lhakpa Peak gives immense beauty to this region. Also the valley is famous for experiencing a different life style, customs, and tradition of Himalayan people. This region gives an opportunity to explore Lantang National Park, villages, climb small mountains and to visit glaciers. Area is famous for its natural beauty and wonderful climate with superb snowcapped mountain views. The northern parts of the area largely fall within the boundaries of Langtang national park. Entry permits should be obtained in Kathmandu before starting to trek. Helambu, to the south, and Ganesh Himal, to the west, are the exceptions although to reach Ganesh Himal from Kathmandu an entry permit is required as the motor road is partly within the park. No trekking permits are required in this area. If accessing Helambu from Kathmandu a permit to pass through the Shivapuri watershed area, recently declared a national park ticket counter in Kathmandu.

9. Ghorepani Poonhill Trek

When you talk about short trek in Himalaya with huge variety of trekking experiences, Ghorepani Poonhill Trek is one. The trek has popular for sunrise view. Short trek but will get you lot’s of experiences varies from naturally and culturally. 

Mountain view from Ghorepani covers the wide range of highest mountains including Annapurna I, Annapurna II, III, and IV, Mt.Dhaulagiri, Mt.Machhapurcha, Mt.Manaslu etc. Also the trek is accessible and suitable for different nature people. You can make your trip with small children, old people and partner. Basic physical fitness is required but not too much. The maximum elevation of the trail is 3200m, which can easily acclimatize to everyone. This is what makes the Ghorepani Poonhill trek is only one-way to cover all aspiration. 

There’s some unique valley in Ghorepani Trail foothills along with the charming settlements of ethnic communities of Nepal. Gurung and Magar are the main ethnic people, who celebrate beautiful festivals. There’s life style and cultural values is always welcoming to everyone.

The sunrise view from Poon Hill gives you relaxation. Feel that the red sunrise from the top of mountains with dazzling the whole range. You will heavenly bless while taking pictures, and will not get satisfied to take pictures of such panoramic view of world’s crown. 

Spring season, autumn and winter are the best season to go for trek in Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek. 

Bring some chocolate in your bag packs to give it to the welcoming children on the trails.  

10. Kanchenjunga Trek

In Tibetan Languagae the word Kanchunjunga mean “five treasures of snow”. Mt.Kanchenjunga is a holy mountain for both Hindu and Buddhist. The mt.Kanchenjunga (8586m) is stand as a third highest peak in the world. Mt.Kanchenjunga lies in the far eastern side of Nepal and shared a little part with Sikkim. The mountain is popular for high altitude expedition. Many hundreds of thousand climbers have been successfully submitted to date.

For the long and adventure trekking trails, Kanchenjung has always well liked. Trekking to these trails offers beautiful view of mountains, green forest, which is rich in flora and fauna and mysterious lakes and waterfalls etc. Also the people’s lifestyle, tradition and typical foods are always memorizing to every trekkers. Tebetan Sherpas are the main ethnic community to this trail. You will meet local people, who welcome with beautiful hospitality and smiling faces. 

The trail is classed as a demanding trek due to its remoteness and rich in flora & fauna. You need to be physically and mentially prepare before going this trek. 5/6 hr walk is normal for this trak. Also the proper trekking gears and equipment is importan. Autumn and spring are the main season. Bring a professional trekking guide and a local porter to make your trek much more valuable and memorable. 

11. Mt.Manaslu Base Camp Trek

Mt.Manaslu is eight highest mountains in the world with elevation of 8163m. The mountain is considered as a holy mountain in both Hindu and Buddhist devotees. Trekking to Manaslu Base Camp is an amazing trip in Himalaya at the lap of world’s crown. The trails is relatively challenging than the other trekking routes. Larkya La pass (5200m) is the highest point on the tail, which is surrounded by glacier. The trail is mixed with variety of adventure, challenge and fun. Most of the part of trekking route is well managed by local people. Each and every 3/4 hr you can see the teahouses and local hotels. 

The two-week Manaslu trek will offer you some of the unforgettable moment in your life. Typical food and warm welcoming nature of the people may appeal you to feel something unique that you have ever had. 

Naturally and culturally the trail is rich. The green forest is home to many rear animals including red panda, snow leopard, deer and tiger. Gurungs are the main ethnic community to this trail. Also there is a small Himalayan village just down of the Manasu Base Camp called Samagaun is rich in Tibetan culture and ethnic community. People celebrate Loshar and Buddhajayanti as main festival. 

Spring and autumn are the main season to go for trek to this trial. Do not go alone; you must have a professional trekking guide or a local porter as support for the safety and security. Your small mistake at difficult way may cause accident.

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